What is premenstrual syndrome (pms)?

What is premenstrual syndrome (pms)?

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One of the biggest problems of women is Premenstruel Syndrome (PMS), which is experienced every month before menstruation.

PMS is a disease that occurs in premenstrual periods in women and disappears.

85% of menstruating women have one or more symptoms. But in 5-10% of the density is affecting the quality of life. It is rare in adolescence or menopause. It occurs in women of any age who are menstruating, but generally women over the age of 30 seek medical advice for treatment. Genetic predisposition is important.

What is PMS Syndrome? You should watch our video:

It is the condition that one or more of the various symptoms that affect the person's life style, work and daily life is seen and that it improves after menstruation.

Close to menstruation in 7-10 days, abdominal distension, pain, tension in the body, crying spells, fatigue, fatigue, depression, excessive sleep, insomnia, breast tenderness, excessive appetite, unwillingness may have a variety of symptoms such as inward closure.

The most important feature is that these complaints are seen regularly from month to month. Most problems end with menstrual onset.

Headache is common due to enlargement of pre-menstrual vessels, muscle contractions and psychological stress. 50% of migraine headaches have a relationship with menstruation.

It is more common in women with high stress levels.

When the diagnosis is compared with the following 5 days, it is important to have at least a 30% increase in symptoms 5 days before menstruation. Similar symptoms; should be seen in at least 2 consecutive periods. Diagnosis is difficult because the symptoms are very diverse. It is generally understood when evaluated retrospectively.

Premenstrual syndrome; It is not easy to discern whether it is a pat personal pathological problem? ”Or kültürel a cultural problem that associates the menstrual cycle with the painful process?..

PMS is a biological, sociological problem that is affected on psychological basis. It is a social situation that deeply affects women's lives.

Its etiology is not fully understood; hormonal changes (estrogen, progesterone, testesterone), aldosterone level and secretion pattern, thyroid gland functions, vitamin deficiencies, endorphins have been accused but not scientifically proven.

How is PMS treated?

Changes in people's lifestyle are effective in treatment. Changing dietary habits, sports, various hobbies, increasing social activities have a positive effect on the disease. Food and beverages rich in carbohydrates have a positive effect on a person's psychology. The place of relaxation therapies in treatment is very important.

Vitamin E can be tried in patients with intense breast pain. Birth control pills, vitamin B6, bromocriptine, MAO inhibitors and spironolactone used in treatment were not different from placebo. Serotoninergic dysregulation is the most likely theory. If menstruation is removed with medication or surgery, the complaints regress de

In summary, the steps of PMS treatment should be as follows:

1. Supportive therapy, complex cabohydrate-rich diet, exercise, calcium, magnesium, vitamin E support, spironolactone.

2. Antidepressants

3. Birth control pills or GnRH agonists to suppress hormonal ovulation.

We wish you a happy and healthy day!

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