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Speech Disorders may also occur at very young ages. This problem, which was not treated as a child, also deprives the person of his / her communication and freedom of expression. Communication, which is an important factor for getting a place in society, is important for a healthy and orderly life. Parents should take into account the speech disorders seen in almost all of the children. Reem Neurology Center Founder Mehmet Yavuz, Speech disorders and describes the treatment method.
When does the conversation begin?
The first start of the conversation starts with crying the day we were born. We learn the first jaw movements when weep. In later periods, we continue to make sounds by being influenced by the meaningless environment. In a six-month period, a child starts to spell out and makes rhythmic sounds in the 9th month. Children who develop normally start talking at age 2. At the age of 3, he / she learns to communicate with his / her environment by making more meaningful sentences.
If the child is unable to make meaningful sentences and does not list at least 3 words at the age of two in the course of this process, speech disorders may have started in the child. Hearing, speaking and language are the main elements of communication. Failure in any of these 3 concrete concepts can lead to speech impairment.
What are speech disorders?
Stuttering: If the child has difficulty completing the sentence or word, speaks by extending the words and repeats the sounds of stuttering problem. The reasons behind the stuttering problem may be fear, jealousy and failure. Stuttering is the most common condition among children with speech disorders.
Impaired sound: If your child first makes a clear sound and then mutes the sound, it may be a sign of a sound disturbance. Your child may also have a voice disorder if he is trying to breathe through his nose and speak with wheezing sounds.
Articulation disorder: If your child cannot make sounds or pronounce words correctly, this is called articulation disorder. For example, if the child says pay paya ve instead of ve money ya or tu tu ur instead of su water ur, he is experiencing articulation disorder.
Language disorder: If the child has difficulty in assembling the words during the speech, the language disorder may be experienced.
How can speech disorders occur in children?
-Hearing loss in children
- Mental disability or retardation
-Early births (premature children)
- Palate and jaw disorders
- Psychological problems such as fear, jealousy and failure (eg having a new sibling)
These disorders can be caused by birth, as well as the child's accident and similar situations. At the same time, violence and fear-causing behaviors and tendencies in the family can cause speech disorders.
What can parents do for children with speech disorders?
• Talk to your child and answer his / her questions without getting bored.
• Don't reflect problems in the family to your child
• Do not use violence against children
• Do not exhibit repressive and violent attitudes towards speech disorders your child is experiencing.
• Take it to a physician and therapist when you notice the condition
• Have a hearing test
• Do not use cigarettes, drinks, etc., especially during pregnancy.
• Always wear a seat belt to your child while driving and protect your child from brain damage.
What is the treatment?
The primary treatment of speech disorder is speech therapy. First of all, it is important that the organs necessary for speech function properly and these organs should be checked. The more robust the respiratory system, larynx, the structure of the nerves and the related brain regions, the more appropriate the treatment process takes place. Treatment should be started early. The sooner it starts, the sooner the child will respond to treatment. The parents should accept the limits and determine their expectations according to the capacity of the child. Care should be taken to ensure that the treatments to be applied are planned in accordance with the needs of the child and given as often as necessary and intensively. Application below the capacity will be inadequate and overloading will create reluctance. Speech disorder treatment is long-term. The child, as well as his / her parents, must make efforts. Parents should also receive psychological support when necessary.