Medication for iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy

Medication for iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

What medication is used to treat iron-deficiency anemia during pregnancy?

If you have iron-deficiency anemia, it means your body has a low level of iron, which is necessary to build healthy red blood cells. The most effective treatment for anemia during pregnancy is to take an iron supplement in addition to your prenatal vitamin.

It may take a little trial and error to determine the correct dose. Work with your healthcare provider to balance effectiveness with any unpleasant side effects. You may have to take your prenatal vitamin and iron supplement at different times.

Are iron supplements safe to take in pregnancy?

Yes, iron supplements are safe to take during pregnancy. And if you take the supplements as prescribed, you should see an improvement in your iron-deficiency anemia.

Take your regular prenatal vitamin – you still need this for other vital minerals. And make iron part of your pregnancy diet, too.

Note: Iron supplements for adults can be dangerous for children. Children can get very sick, or even die, from accidentally taking iron pills. Keep your iron pills safely out of the reach of children.

What are the side effects of iron supplements?

The first thing you may notice when you start taking iron is that your stools turn a dark color, almost black, because your body doesn't completely absorb the mineral. Although it looks different, there's no need to worry. This is just a normal reaction to the extra iron in your body.

Gastrointestinal side effects are most common. You may feel bloated or nauseated, or have an upset stomach.

Being constipated and unable to have a bowel movement is another common side effect of pregnancy, and iron supplements can make constipation worse. If you're suffering from constipation, drink plenty of fluids, eat at least 25 grams of fiber a day, and use the bathroom whenever you feel the urge to have a bowel movement.

Work with your provider to come up with an exercise plan, and try drinking prune juice to get things moving. Your provider might also prescribe a stool softener.

How do I deal with the side effects of iron, and take it so it's most effective?

How and when you take iron makes a big difference. For example, if you feel nauseated after taking your supplement, try taking it with a small snack or some juice. Don't take iron with a meal – too much food prevents iron absorption.

Iron is best absorbed with acid. Take supplements with orange juice, so your body can get the maximum benefits.

Medication can also affect how your body absorbs iron. For example, heartburn is another common ailment during pregnancy, and antacids can affect the absorption of iron. If you need to take antacids, it's best to take your iron supplement at least two hours before or two hours after the antacid.

Iron can also prevent the absorption of certain drugs, like levothyroxine, which is taken for thyroid problems. If you take iron and levothyroxine, take the pills four hours apart. Check whether you need to adjust the timing of your other medications.

Some foods and drinks can even prevent your body from absorbing iron properly. These include:

  • Coffee and tea
  • Eggs
  • Dairy products
  • Bran, soy, nuts and seeds, and other foods high in phytates (the storage form of phosphorus)

For the best results, try to take supplements one hour before or two hours after consuming these foods and drinks. The same may apply to calcium supplements.

This seems like a lot to remember, but it becomes second nature once you get into a routine. And don't give up if you're experiencing unpleasant side effects from iron supplements. Your provider may recommend a different type of supplement or suggest splitting the dose into smaller quantities to take at intervals throughout the day.

Are there any alternatives to iron supplements?

Talk to your provider about your options. If you can't tolerate taking an iron pill, ask for a liquid supplement. (You may want to use a straw to take liquid iron supplements so you don't stain your teeth.)

If you have severe iron-deficiency anemia that doesn't respond well to iron supplements, you may need to get iron intravenously. Your provider can do this or she can refer you to a hematologist or a maternal-fetal medicine (MFM) specialist.

Visit the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's website for more information and to find an MFM specialist near you.

Watch the video: Iron Deficiency Anemia, All you need to know! (May 2022).

Video, Sitemap-Video, Sitemap-Videos