What is pneumonia and why?

What is pneumonia and why?

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What is Pneumonia?

• Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lung.
• Severe coughing causes rapid and difficult breathing and fever.
• Heavy pneumonia can cause death.

Who is at risk?

• Children under 5 years of age and especially under 2 years of age are at risk in developing countries
• The elderly are at risk.
• Exposure to cigarette smoke and indoor air pollution increases the risk.
• Children and adults with certain immunosuppressive diseases (AIDS, etc.) are at greater risk
• Malnutrition increases the risk in children as it causes a weakened immune system.

What causes pneumonia?

• Many organisms such as bacteria, viruses and fungi cause pneumonia.
• Streptococcus pneumoniae is the cause of 50% of pneumonia-related deaths globally in children under 5 years of age. Pneumococcus is the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia in all age groups.

How many people are affected by pneumonia? How many people die?

• According to World Health Organization data, 155 million childhood pneumonia is seen every year in the world.
• Pneumonia has more lives among children than any other disease.
• Pneumonia, the leading cause of child and infant mortality, causes one-fifth of all under-5 deaths worldwide.
• Every year, 2 million children, or every 20 seconds, die every year due to pneumonia.
• According to the Ministry of Health 2003 data, pneumonia is the number one cause of child mortality in children under 5 years of age.
• It is estimated that approximately 250.000 cases of pneumonia occur in children under 2 years of age each year due to pneumococci.
• As in developing countries, pneumonia is an important public health problem in our country, especially in children under 5 years of age, leading to high morbidity and mortality rates.

What are the prevention methods of pneumonia?

• Breast milk,
• Hygiene,
• Keeping babies and children away from dusty, non-smoky environments,
• Pneumonia vaccine

Pneumonia Vaccine (Conjugated Pneumococcus)

• Pneumococcal vaccine, which provides protection against pneumococcal disease, the pneumonia vaccine among the people, provides effective protection for children and adults.
• Vaccine conjugated pneumococcal vaccine to be used under two years of age.

Pneumonia vaccine was added to the National Vaccine Calendar in 2008 by the Ministry of Health. Every year, all babies born in our country are free of charge at the Health Center and Maternal and Child Health Centers.

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