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From the moment you decide to have a baby, reviewing your lifestyle, habits and health problems, if any, will make it easier for you to conceive and make your pregnancy more comfortable. Acıbadem Fulya Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Department Assoc. Dr. Contact Hüsnü directly “It is especially important that your existing health problems be controlled and treated before pregnancy, or he says.
What does it mean to prepare to be a parent?
Pre-pregnancy period is a process in which couples can prepare themselves physically and psychologically to have a healthy baby. Fertilization and implantation (fertilization of the egg to hold the inner layer of the uterus) starting with the process of the baby's organs in the cells forming a large rate of proliferation and differentiation according to the organ systems they will form. Therefore, this first period of pregnancy is very important in the formation of the baby's organs. To be able to spend this period in the most healthy way, the expectant mother should be prepared for the 9-month pregnancy period starting from 2-3 months before the pregnancy.
What changes in lifestyle should be made?
Pregnancy preparation period may be a very appropriate period to quit smoking. Although he knows the harm of smoking, many people continue to smoke, and being responsible for the health of a baby allows mothers to make more efforts to quit. The use of substances such as nicotine gum or patches that facilitate smoking cessation during pregnancy is not recommended. To avoid passive smoking, you should take care to sit in a well-ventilated place in your work environment and at home. If your spouse smokes during this period, quitting smoking is also very important for the baby's postpartum health.
Pregnancy and alcohol consumption during pregnancy should be avoided. Alcohol should not be used from the pre-pregnancy period. Alcohol causes congenital anomalies. Low birth weight and growth retardation are seen in babies of mothers who drink small amounts of alcohol during pregnancy. If the amount of alcohol taken daily is infant, developmental delay, mental retardation, skeletal disorders, heart, liver and reproductive system problems are seen in infants. Developmental retardation of the baby continues even if alcohol intake is stopped later in pregnancy. Before pregnancy, alcohol consumption should be stopped completely. If contraception is not performed, alcohol should not be consumed in the second half of the menstrual cycle.
Consumption of caffeine-containing products such as coffee, tea and cola should be reduced as much as possible. If coffee or other caffeinated drinks are consumed excessively, they should be gradually reduced before pregnancy.
What should be done for healthy eating?
It is very important to acquire healthy eating habits in the pre-pregnancy period and to maintain them during pregnancy. It should be ensured that from the pre-pregnancy period, it is taken every day from all the basic food groups, eating 3 meals a day, and taking sufficient amounts of foods containing important vitamins and minerals such as calcium, iron and folic acid. In terms of toxoplasma infection, it is important not to eat raw meat.
Women who are vegetarians cannot get enough protein, calcium and iron. Women who are vegetarians should increase protein intake before pregnancy and start vitamin supplements.
Many women have iron deficiency. This situation, which does not cause much complaints before pregnancy, increases with pregnancy. Iron deficiency leads to anemia. If iron deficiency is detected before pregnancy, it should be treated. Folic acid supplementation of 400 mg per day from the 3-month period before pregnancy prevents neural tube disorders. Folic acid is found in citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables, nuts, almonds and legumes. Multivitamins or folic acid tablets containing 400 mg folic acid as well as folic acid taken from natural foods are recommended from the pre-pregnancy period. If you are planning a pregnancy, you should ensure that you reach your ideal weight before pregnancy in order to have a healthy pregnancy and to have a healthy baby.
Can medication be used before pregnancy?
Before using all prescription or over-the-counter medications before and during pregnancy, it is necessary to investigate whether they can be used during this period. Even drugs that have no side effects when used outside pregnancy can harm the developing baby when used during pregnancy. A woman who does not use any contraceptive method should take the necessary precautions considering that she is pregnant in the second half of the menstrual cycle and avoid anything that could harm herself.
The condition and diseases of reproductive organs directly affect pregnancy. You can ask your physician before the planned pregnancy to find out when you should stop using your contraceptive method.
In order to evaluate all these infections, tests should be taken from the expectant mother before pregnancy.