Allergic fever is a disease that is confused with colds Medical Park Göztepe Hospital Complex Pediatric Health and Diseases Neonatal Specialist. Dr. Ek Allergens such as animal hair, smoke, dust and pollen can cause allergic rhinitis. This also triggers asthma in children. When the precaution is not taken, the allergic flu in children can become a disease that requires living together throughout the life. Erjik Allergic flu is one of the most common allergic diseases. Allergy occurs when the body's immune system responds to a foreign substance (antigen). The nasal mucosa is inflamed after encountering antigens such as pollen, house dust. Sneezing, itching in the eyes, nose, nasal congestion, discharge and headache are among the symptoms of the disease. Some patients may also have hearing problems, sore throat, hoarseness and cough. Allergy complaints continue for some years, while others increase in certain seasons. Complaints of people with seasonal allergic flu or spring fever occur especially in spring and autumn. The most common allergens that cause allergic rhinitis are grass pollen, tree pollen and weed pollen. House dust mite, mold fungi and animal hairs are the most common allergens in patients with allergic rhinitis throughout the year. On the other hand, air pollution increases allergy complaints. In recent years, especially in developed countries, an increase in both allergic flu and asthma frequency has been observed. In general, the risk of developing asthma in patients with allergic fever is considered to increase four times. In addition, sinusitis, developmental disorders of the teeth and mouth structure due to nasal congestion, middle ear diseases can be seen as diseases with allergic flu. Therefore, children with frequent otitis media or sinusitis should also be questioned for allergies.
Genetic predisposition is important in diagnosis
It is very important to question the patient's symptoms in the diagnosis of allergic flu. The age of the patient, the conditions in which his complaints increase, the drugs he used before and whether he has any other allergies in his family should be asked. Since allergy is a genetic disease, having allergy in other individuals in the family can be very helpful in the diagnosis. Allergy tests should be performed if examination findings suggest allergy. Allergy tests can be carried out using skin tests as well as methods of examining blood allergens. For the treatment of allergic flu, prevention of allergen exposure, drug and vaccine treatment can be applied. As long as allergy medications are used, it is effective on complaints. When the medication is discontinued, allergy symptoms recur in a short time. Therefore, allergy sufferers should start using medication at least 2 weeks before the start of the allergy season. Vaccine treatment is a treatment which has a long-lasting effect on allergy complaints and even after its termination. Research shows that vaccine therapy can prevent the development of new allergies and reduce the risk of developing asthma in children. Those who do not respond to this treatment should be examined in detail by an otorhinolaryngologist. Nasal flesh in children, cartilage curvature, nasal polyps, sinusitis in adult patients should be investigated.