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Recent research has shown that there is a link between childhood diseases and zinc deficiency. Numerous studies have proven the effect of zinc on the prevention and even treatment of common infections and diarrhea in children.
With the arrival of winter, there is an increase in upper respiratory tract infections in children. Flu, flu, middle ear inflammation, rhinitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, such as upper respiratory diseases can sometimes have serious consequences. The risk of developing these illnesses, which can also be seen with high fever, makes both children and their parents anxious during the winter season. Not only respiratory infections, but also diarrhea is one of the most common diseases in childhood that threatens the health of children. Child Health and Diseases Specialist Member of the American Academy of Pediatrics Hayriye Aygar, korunma Many studies show that there is a relationship between childhood diseases and zinc deficiency, belir he said. Zinc has proven to be an effective role in preventing common infections and diarrhea in children. ”
Effects of Zinc
Zinc is known to be an essential metal for the cell. In zinc deficiency, protein and carbohydrate metabolism deteriorates, growth retardation, immune decline, skin disorders are seen. Nutritional zinc deficiency is common in developing countries. Dr. Hayriye Aygar, He states that there are 17 studies on the relationship between zinc and diseases. ver 3819 children over 3 years and under 5 years were given zinc for at least 2 weeks. As a result of the study, the incidence and frequency of diarrhea in healthy children zinc reduced by 14 percent and the occurrence of respiratory diseases was found to reduce 8 percent. Every year, 2 billion episodes of diarrhea occur in children under 5 years of age. It is estimated that 280 million cases will be prevented each year with the introduction of zinc. Considering that 3.5 million children die each year from diarrhea or respiratory diseases, it should not be forgotten that even the smallest curative effects have an important role in reducing pediatric diseases and deaths. ”
About Upper Respiratory Tract Infections
Dr. Hayriye Aygar gives brief information about upper respiratory diseases.
Cold: It is more common under 6 years of age. Children can have a cold 5-9 times a year. Cough is caused by sneezing by airborne droplets or by hand contact. It is manifested by runny nose, sneezing, mild fever, weakness, anorexia, cough, redness in the eyes tedavi As supportive symptomatic treatment antipyretics, saline aqueous nose drops, plenty of fluids are given.
Flu: Influenza viruses are the causative agents. Cough sneezing through the airborne droplets that are spread through the air, is transmitted from person to person. Sudden onset of high fever, chills chills, headache, weakness, muscle aches, sputum-free cough happens. Supportive treatment such as antipyretic, nose-opening cough medicines, plenty of fluids, rest is given.
Inflammation of the middle ear: (Acute otitis media): 9 out of 10 children between 0 and 2 years of age are caught otitis at least once. Bacteria are mostly the causative agents. Fever, restlessness, headache, weakness, vomiting, cough, runny nose, ear pain in older children, lying on the aching ear in infants, shaking the head, crying by pulling the head when the pressure is applied to the ear by hand is the symptoms of ear discharge. Antibiotic treatment.
Tonsillitis and pharyngitis: It is frequently observed in the 5-15 age group. The most important clinical finding is sore throat. Symptoms start suddenly. Headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, swelling of the tonsils, redness are seen. Antibiotic treatment.